Ask questionsModule not found: Can't resolve 'fs'

Bug report

Describe the bug

I'm using the popular find-up npm package, which has locate-path as a dependency. locate-path requires fs within it's code.

When I attempt to run my app I get the following error message:

[ error ] ./node_modules/locate-path/index.js
Module not found: Can't resolve 'fs' in 'C:\...\node_modules\locate-path'
Could not find files for /index in .next/build-manifest.json
Promise { <pending> }
ModuleNotFoundError: Module not found: Error: Can't resolve 'fs' in 'C:\...\node_modules\locate-path'
    at factory.create (C:\...\node_modules\webpack\lib\Compilation.js:823:10)
    at factory (C:\...\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModuleFactory.js:397:22)
    at resolver (C:\...\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModuleFactory.js:130:21)
    at asyncLib.parallel (C:\...\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModuleFactory.js:224:22)
    at C:\...\node_modules\neo-async\async.js:2830:7
    at C:\...\node_modules\neo-async\async.js:6877:13
    at normalResolver.resolve (C:\...\node_modules\webpack\lib\NormalModuleFactory.js:214:25)
    at doResolve (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\Resolver.js:184:12)
    at hook.callAsync (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\Resolver.js:238:5)
    at _fn0 (eval at create (C:\...\node_modules\tapable\lib\HookCodeFactory.js:33:10), <anonymous>:15:1)
    at resolver.doResolve (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\UnsafeCachePlugin.js:37:5)
    at hook.callAsync (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\Resolver.js:238:5)
    at _fn0 (eval at create (C:\...\node_modules\tapable\lib\HookCodeFactory.js:33:10), <anonymous>:15:1)
    at hook.callAsync (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\Resolver.js:238:5)
    at _fn0 (eval at create (C:\...\node_modules\tapable\lib\HookCodeFactory.js:33:10), <anonymous>:27:1)
    at resolver.doResolve (C:\...\node_modules\enhanced-resolve\lib\DescriptionFilePlugin.js:42:38)

I created an issue in the locate-path repo and they have confirmed the issue is not with them, but likely with webpack. I don't use webpack in my app so the issue must be arising from Next.js's use of webpack.

To Reproduce

Clone and run npm run dev.

Expected behavior

No issue

System information

  • OS: Windows 10
  • Version of Next.js: 8.1.1-canary.67

Answer questions Timer

Update for modern Next.js (9.4+)

You can safely use fs within getStaticProps or getServerSideProps, no extra configuration required. Be sure you're referencing the variable in your data lifecycle so it's correctly tree shaken away.

You can use this tool to learn visually how it works!

If you're still building on a legacy Next.js version with getInitialProps, read below 👇

The provided code is not valid -- this file would never be available on the client side during rendering:

Remember, you can only do FS-related operations while on the server. This means you cannot use fs while rendering.

If you use fs, be sure it's only within getInitialProps.

You may also need to create a next.config.js file with the following content to get the client bundle to build:

module.exports = {
  webpack: (config, { isServer }) => {
    // Fixes npm packages that depend on `fs` module
    if (!isServer) {
      config.node = {
        fs: 'empty'

    return config
Joe Haddad Timer @vercel Medina, Ohio Senior Software Engineer at Vercel. Maintainer of Next.js and Create React App.
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